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Sociolinguistic Variation: Theories, Methods, and Applications

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شناسنامه فارسی کتاب:
عنوان کتاب:

تنوع شناسی: نظریه ها، روش ها، و برنامه های کاربردی

موضوع کتاب:

Science (general)

سال نشر:
ناشر: Cambridge University Press
ویرایش: 1
شماره جلد:
تعداد صفحه: 423
زبان: انگلیسی
Why does human language vary from one person, or one group, to another? In what ways does it vary? How do linguists go about studying variation in, say, the sound system or the sentence structure of a particular language? Why is the study of language variation important outside the academic world, in say education, the law, employment or housing? This book provides an overview of these questions, bringing together a team of experts to survey key areas within the study of language variation and language change. Covering both the range of methods used to research variation in language, and the applications of such research to a variety of social contexts, it is essential reading for advanced students and researchers in sociolinguistics, communication, linguistic anthropology and applied linguistics.
Cover......Page 1
Half-title......Page 3
Title......Page 5
Copyright......Page 6
Dedication......Page 7
Contents......Page 9
Figures......Page 11
Tables......Page 12
Acknowledgments......Page 14
Editors and contributors......Page 15
Introduction......Page 19
PART 1 Theories......Page 21
Introduction......Page 23
Explaining the patterns: what phonological theory does for thestudy of variation......Page 24
Final sibilant deletion in Brazilian Portuguese......Page 25
Following segment......Page 26
Place of following consonant......Page 27
Constructing the theory: what variationdoes for phonological theory......Page 28
Quantitative testing of phonological theory......Page 32
Towards an adequate theory of phonology......Page 36
Variation in Optimality Theory......Page 39
Conclusion......Page 40
Introduction......Page 42
Incorporating variation in syntactic theory......Page 43
Questions and the Q feature......Page 45
Negation and the NegFoc feature......Page 52
Syntactic variation and language development......Page 56
Conclusion......Page 62
Level I......Page 63
Level II......Page 71
Level III......Page 79
Variationist linguistic analysis......Page 88
Historical precedents......Page 90
The modern period......Page 91
(Socio)linguistic variables and variable rules......Page 93
Variationist analysis in action......Page 95
African American Vernacular English andvariationist scholarship......Page 97
Variable methodologies......Page 98
Variationists and outreach......Page 99
Variationist interactions with formal fields......Page 101
An exposition of variationist means and ways and the futureof variationist analysis......Page 105
Introduction: style in sociolinguistics......Page 108
A fraught life......Page 110
Caveats......Page 111
On the data of linguistics......Page 113
On context......Page 114
Bakhtin and the field of sociolinguistics......Page 115
Bakhtin’s theory......Page 116
Centripetal and centrifugal forces......Page 117
Heteroglossia and multiple voicing......Page 118
Addressivity and response......Page 123
Conclusion: style and a dialogical theory of language......Page 125
Introduction......Page 128
Preliminaries......Page 129
Philology......Page 132
Sociolinguistics......Page 136
Quantitative analysis and corpus formation......Page 138
Social history......Page 144
Applications......Page 148
Conclusions......Page 149
Introduction......Page 151
Misunderstandings of variationist research......Page 152
Language transfer......Page 154
Accurate descriptions of the target language......Page 155
Understanding the nature of SLA processes......Page 157
Acquiring sociolinguistic competence......Page 160
Conclusion......Page 162
Signs have parts......Page 163
Early perspectives on s...
شابک/ISBN: 0521871271, 9780521871273